# 1. Introduction

In this tutorial, we will learn how to write a Python program to find the smallest divisor of an integer.

The smallest divisor of an integer is the least integer greater than 1 that divides the number without leaving a remainder. In essence, it is the smallest number that you can multiply by another integer to reach the number in question.

# 2. Program Steps

1. Accept or define an integer to find its smallest divisor.

2. Initialize a variable to start from the smallest possible divisor (2, since 1 divides everything).

3. Incrementally check each number from 2 onwards to see if it divides the integer without leaving a remainder.

4. Once the smallest divisor is found, stop the search and return this divisor.

# 3. Code Program

``````# Function to find the smallest divisor of an integer
def find_smallest_divisor(n):
# Start checking from 2, since 1 divides everything
for i in range(2, n + 1):
# If i divides n without a remainder, it is the smallest divisor
if n % i == 0:
return i
# If no divisor is found, return n (means it is a prime number)
return n

# Number to find the smallest divisor of
number = 49
# Call the function and print the smallest divisor
print(find_smallest_divisor(number))
``````

```7
```

### Explanation:

1. find_smallest_divisor is a function defined with n, the target integer, as its parameter.

2. A loop starts at 2, because every integer is divisible by 1, and the task is to find the smallest divisor greater than 1.

3. The loop checks each number i to see if it divides n with no remainder using n % i == 0.

4. If such an i is found, it is immediately returned as it will be the smallest divisor due to the incremental nature of the loop.

5. If the loop completes without finding a divisor, which means n is prime, n itself is returned.

6. When find_smallest_divisor is called with number set to 49, it returns 7, which is the smallest divisor of 49.