# 1. Introduction

In arithmetic, the quotient and remainder are the results of division. Python provides operators to easily find the quotient and remainder of two numbers. This is particularly useful in algorithms that involve division operations, where both the quotient and remainder are required.

The quotient is the result of the division, while the remainder is the part of the dividend that is not evenly divisible by the divisor. In Python, // denotes integer division that results in the quotient, and % gives the remainder.

# 2. Program Steps

1. Define the dividend and divisor.

2. Calculate the quotient using integer division.

3. Calculate the remainder using the modulus operator.

4. Print both the quotient and the remainder.

# 3. Code Program

``````# Function to find the quotient and remainder
def find_quotient_remainder(dividend, divisor):
# Calculate quotient
quotient = dividend // divisor
# Calculate remainder
remainder = dividend % divisor
return quotient, remainder

# Dividend and divisor
dividend = 29
divisor = 5
# Get quotient and remainder
quotient, remainder = find_quotient_remainder(dividend, divisor)
# Print the results
print(f"The quotient of {dividend} divided by {divisor} is: {quotient}")
print(f"The remainder of {dividend} divided by {divisor} is: {remainder}")
``````

### Output:

```The quotient of 29 divided by 5 is: 5
The remainder of 29 divided by 5 is: 4
```

### Explanation:

1. find_quotient_remainder is a function that takes dividend and divisor as its parameters.

2. The quotient is calculated using dividend // divisor.

3. The remainder is calculated using dividend % divisor.

4. The function returns both quotient and remainder.

5. The values for dividend and divisor are set to 29 and 5, respectively.

6. The function find_quotient_remainder is called with these values.

7. The results are stored in variables quotient and remainder.

8. The print statements output the results in a readable format, specifying the quotient as 5 and the remainder as 4.