Find the Duration of Difference Between Two Dates in Java

1. Introduction

Calculating the duration between two dates is a common operation in Java programming, particularly in scheduling, deadlines, or time-tracking applications. Java 8 introduced the java.time package, which offers a comprehensive framework for date and time operations, making it easier and more intuitive to work with dates, times, and durations. This blog post will demonstrate how to find the duration of difference between two dates in Java using the java.time API.

2. Program Steps

1. Import the necessary classes from the java.time package.

2. Create instances of LocalDate for the two dates you want to compare.

3. Use the Period class to calculate the difference between the two dates.

4. Display the duration of the difference in terms of years, months, and days.

3. Code Program

import java.time.LocalDate;
import java.time.Period;

public class DateDifference {
    public static void main(String[] args) {
        // Step 2: Creating instances of LocalDate for the start and end dates
        LocalDate startDate = LocalDate.of(2020, 1, 1);
        LocalDate endDate = LocalDate.of(2021, 1, 1);

        // Step 3: Calculating the difference using Period.between
        Period difference = Period.between(startDate, endDate);

        // Step 4: Displaying the duration of difference
        System.out.printf("The difference is %d years, %d months, and %d days.",
                difference.getYears(), difference.getMonths(), difference.getDays());


The difference is 1 years, 0 months, and 0 days.


1. The program begins by importing LocalDate and Period from the java.time package. LocalDate represents a date without time or timezone information, making it ideal for date comparisons.

2. Two LocalDate instances are created using the of method, which takes the year, month, and day as parameters. These instances represent the start and end dates for the period we want to measure.

3. The Period.between method calculates the period between two LocalDate instances, returning a Period object that encapsulates the difference in terms of years, months, and days.

4. Finally, the program uses printf to format and display the difference, extracting the years, months, and days from the Period object using its getter methods (getYears, getMonths, and getDays).

5. This example showcases how to use the java.time API introduced in Java 8 to easily calculate and display the difference between two dates, providing a clear and precise duration in years, months, and days.