Convert Enum to String in Java

1. Introduction

In Java, an enum (short for enumeration) is a special data type that enables for a variable to be a set of predefined constants. The Java enum type is a powerful feature that enhances code readability and safety by restricting variable values to a predefined set of constants. Converting an enum to a string is a common task, particularly when we need to display the value of an enum constant in the user interface or use it in a context where a string representation is required. Java's toString() method, which is inherited from the Object class, can be used to get the string representation of any object, including enum constants. This blog post will demonstrate how to convert enum constants to strings in Java.

2. Program Steps

1. Define an enum with a few constants.

2. Convert an enum constant to a string using the toString() method.

3. Print the string representation of the enum constant.

3. Code Program

public class EnumToStringExample {
    // Step 1: Defining an enum with constants
    enum Color {
        RED, GREEN, BLUE;

    public static void main(String[] args) {
        // Step 2: Converting an enum constant to a string
        String colorString = Color.RED.toString();

        // Step 3: Printing the string representation
        System.out.println("The string representation of the enum constant is: " + colorString);


The string representation of the enum constant is: RED


1. The program begins by defining an enum named Color with three constants: RED, GREEN, and BLUE. Enums provide a type-safe way to define a set of constants. Each constant in an enum is an instance of the enum type itself.

2. In the main method, the toString() method is called on the Color.RED enum constant. While toString() can be overridden in the enum definition for custom string representations, calling it on an enum constant that does not override toString() returns the name of the constant as declared in the enum declaration. This behavior is provided by the default implementation of toString() in the Enum class, from which all enums implicitly inherit.

3. Finally, the program prints the string representation of the Color.RED constant, which is "RED". This demonstrates how the toString() method can be used to convert enum constants to their string representations, enabling their use in scenarios where strings are required, such as in UI elements or logging.