### Java Math random() example

In this guide, you will learn about the Math random() method in Java programming and how to use it with an example.

## 1. Math random() Method Overview

### Definition:

The random() method of Java's Math class is used to generate a double value between 0.0 (inclusive) and 1.0 (exclusive).

### Syntax:

``Math.random()``

### Parameters:

This method does not accept any parameters.

### Key Points:

- The result will be a double value greater than or equal to 0.0 and less than 1.0.

- The results produced by this method are pseudo-random and are produced using a linear congruential formula.

- To generate random integers or random numbers in a range, additional processing on the returned value is required.

## 2. Math random() Method Example

``````public class RandomExample {
public static void main(String[] args) {
System.out.println("Random number between 0 and 1: " + Math.random());

// Generating a random integer between 0 and 100
int randomInt = (int)(Math.random() * 101);
System.out.println("Random integer between 0 and 100: " + randomInt);

// Generating a random double between 5 and 10
double randomDouble = 5 + (Math.random() * 5);
System.out.println("Random double between 5 and 10: " + randomDouble);
}
}
``````

### Output:

```Random number between 0 and 1: 0.62384940954721
Random integer between 0 and 100: 49
Random double between 5 and 10: 8.11924704773605

(Note: The output will vary every time you run the program since the numbers generated are random.)
```

### Explanation:

In the example:

1. We first demonstrate the direct use of Math.random() to get a random double between 0 and 1.

2. Next, to generate a random integer between 0 and 100, we multiply the result of Math.random() by 101 and cast it to an integer. This ensures the result is within the range [0, 100].

3. Lastly, to generate a random double between 5 and 10, we start the range at 5 and add a random double between 0 and 5.

The Math.random() method is versatile and provides the foundational random capabilities in Java. While it generates numbers between 0 and 1 by default, with some simple arithmetic, you can adjust this range to fit any application's needs.