Java Bean vs Spring Bean

In this blog post, let's discuss the difference between Java Bean and Spring Bean with an example.

Java Bean 

A Java Bean is a standard Java class that follows specific conventions: 

  • Must have a public default (no-argument) constructor. 
  • Properties are accessed using getter and setter methods. 
  • The class should implement the Serializable interface, making it suitable for persistence. 
  • Typically, a Java Bean should act as a data container rather than contain business logic. While this is not a strict rule, it's a general convention to separate data representation from business logic.

Example of a Java Bean:

public class Student implements Serializable {
    private String name;
    private int age;

    // Default constructor
    public Student() {}

    // Getter and Setter methods
    public String getName() {
        return name;
    public void setName(String name) { = name;
    public int getAge() {
        return age;
    public void setAge(int age) {
        this.age = age;

Spring Bean 

A Spring Bean is an object managed by the Spring IoC (Inversion of Control) container. 

Here's what differentiates it:

Managed by Spring: The Spring container is responsible for the lifecycle and configuration of the bean.

Scope: While a Java Bean's lifecycle is typically managed by the developer, a Spring Bean's lifecycle is managed by the Spring container. It can be a singleton, prototype, and more. 

Configuration: Can be configured using XML, Java annotations, or Java configuration. 

Example of a Spring Bean

Example of a Spring Bean using annotations:
import org.springframework.stereotype.Component;

public class Teacher {
    private String subject;

    // Getter and Setter methods
    public String getSubject() {
        return subject;
    public void setSubject(String subject) {
        this.subject = subject;
In the Spring context, you can auto-wire this bean in another component:
import org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.Autowired;
import org.springframework.stereotype.Service;

public class SchoolService {
    private Teacher teacher;
    //... other methods

Spring Bean vs. Java Bean: Key Points Comparison

CriteriaJava BeanSpring Bean
DefinitionA standard Java class that follows specific conventions.An object managed by the Spring IoC (Inversion of Control) container.
ConstructorMust have a public default (no-argument) constructor.Doesn't strictly require a public no-arg constructor unless a bean is being created using the constructor approach in XML configuration.
AccessibilityProperties are accessed via getter and setter methods.Same as Java Bean, but it's managed by the Spring container.
Life CycleManaged by the developer or Java environment.Managed by the Spring container. Can be a singleton, prototype, etc.
ConfigurationNo special configuration is required.Configured using XML, annotations, or Java configurations in the Spring context.
SerializableTypically should implement the Serializable interface.Serialization isn't a strict requirement unless needed for a specific use case.
Framework DependencyNot tied to any framework.Specific to the Spring framework.
Use CaseUsed for encapsulating many objects into a single object (bean) to simplify data representation.Used for managing dependencies, life cycles, and configurations in Spring applications.
ScopeNo inherent scope management.Can be managed by Spring to be a singleton, prototype, request, session, etc.
AnnotationNo standard annotations; purely convention-based.Can utilize a variety of Spring-specific annotations like @Component, @Service, @Repository, etc.


While both Java Beans and Spring Beans serve as the backbone for Java-based applications, they cater to different needs: 
Java Bean: Think of it as a convention or a standard way of defining objects in Java. It's all about the object's structure and the conventions it adheres to. 

Spring Bean: Dive into the world of the Spring framework, and you'll interact with Spring Beans - objects whose life cycles are managed by the Spring container. 

Remember, while every Spring Bean can be a Java Bean, the opposite isn't true. Java Beans in a non-Spring environment don't enjoy the lifecycle management features offered by the Spring framework. Understanding these nuances ensures you use each in its rightful context, ensuring clarity in design and implementation.