NoSuchMethodException in Java

In this post, we'll learn what is NoSuchMethodException, common causes, practical examples, how to handle it, and best practices.

What is NoSuchMethodException? 

NoSuchMethodException is a checked exception that arises when trying to access or invoke a method (typically using Java's reflection API) that doesn't exist. It indicates an attempt to dynamically call or query a method that the runtime system doesn't recognize. 

Common Causes 

Reflection Mistakes: A frequent source is a mistake in specifying the method's name or parameter types when using reflection. 

Library Upgrades: When updating third-party libraries, some methods may have been deprecated and removed.

 API Changes: If you're dealing with internal or evolving APIs, a method might have been renamed or removed. 

Practical Example 

Let's walk through a scenario where we're trying to invoke a method using reflection.

import java.lang.reflect.Method;

public class ReflectionExample {
    public static void main(String[] args) {
        MyClass obj = new MyClass();

        try {
            // Using reflection to get the method and invoke it
            Method method = obj.getClass().getMethod("nonExistentMethod");

        } catch (NoSuchMethodException e) {
            System.err.println("The method you're trying to access doesn't exist: " + e.getMessage());
        } catch (Exception e) {

class MyClass {
    public void myMethod() {
        System.out.println("This is my method!");


	at java.base/java.lang.Class.getMethod(
The method you're trying to access doesn't exist:

In the main method, we're trying to access a method named nonExistentMethod via reflection, which doesn't exist.

Handling NoSuchMethodException 

Validation: Before using reflection, validate method names, especially if they're input-driven or coming from external sources. 

Safe Defaults: If a method isn't found, consider providing a default behavior or alternative method.

Documentation: If you're writing APIs, ensure that your documentation clearly states method availability and any future deprecations. 

Best Practices 

  • Limit the use of reflection. While powerful, it can make the code harder to understand and maintain.
  • Ensure thorough testing, especially if you rely on dynamic behavior or if you're frequently updating dependencies. 
  • When dealing with third-party libraries, always consult the changelog when updating versions to be aware of removed or modified methods. 


In this post, we have learned what is NoSuchMethodException, common causes, practical examples, how to handle it, and best practices. Happy Coding!

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