How to Become a Full Stack Java Developer - Learning Path for Full Stack Java Developer

In this article, I am going to talk about how to become a full-stack java developer.

Well if you are a Java developer and if you want to become a full-stack Java developer then you are in a right place and if you are a Java beginner and if you want to become a full-stack Java developer then you are also in the right place.

In this article, I am going to give you a learning path to become a full-stack java developer so basically, we will discuss what are the skills I mean what are the tools and technologies that you are going to learn to become a full-stack java developer. 

Before looking to the learning path for full-stack java developer let's first understand what is a full stack developer. Well full stack developer is an engineer who works on both client-side and server-side software. Full-stack developers have the capability to develop applications from start to end because a full stack developer has hands-on experience on both server-side technologies as well as client-side technologies.


This article is pretty well explained in the below YouTube video:

How to Become a Full Stack Java Developer - Learning Path for Full Stack Java Developer

The below diagram shows the complete full-stack Java developer road map or learning path.
As a full-stack Java developer, you should know the front-end technologies, back-end technologies, databases, and tools to develop any software from end to end right.

1. Front-end Technologies

let's take a look into what are the skills that are required to work on front-end development.

HTML, CSS and JavaScript

HTML, CSS, and JavaScript are web development fundamentals so make sure that you should have good knowledge of these web technologies.
  • HTML is used to develop web pages.
  • CSS is used to style HTML web pages.
  • JavaScript is used to manipulate HTML DOM.

Angular, ReactJS and VueJS

As a full-stack Java developer, you should at least one of these modern front-end frameworks such as Angular or React or VueJS.

Angular is a platform and framework for building client applications in HTML and TypeScript. Angular is written in TypeScript. It implements core and optional functionality as a set of TypeScript libraries that you import into your apps.

React is an open-source javascript library for building user interfaces. React is a project created and maintained by Facebook. React has a component-based architecture. This lets you break down your application into small encapsulated parts which can then be composed to make a more complex UI.

Vue is a progressive framework for building user interfaces. Unlike other monolithic frameworks, Vue is designed from the ground up to be incrementally adoptable. The core library is focused on the view layer only and is easy to pick up and integrate with other libraries or existing projects. On the other hand, Vue is also perfectly capable of powering sophisticated Single-Page Applications when used in combination with modern tooling and supporting libraries.

NodeJs and NPM

Node.js is an open-source, cross-platform, back-end, JavaScript runtime environment that executes JavaScript code outside a web browser. 

You need NPM which is a package manager to install JavaScript packages or libraries.

2. Back-end Technologies

Core Java

Core Java is a base for all the Java EE frameworks and technologies so make sure that you have a good foundation in core java.

You can learn and master core Java at Java Tutorial | Learn Java Programming with Examples

Spring Framework

Spring framework makes Java EE development easier. Spring framework is a must-learn skill for Java EE developers.

The Spring Framework is a Java platform that provides comprehensive infrastructure support for developing Java applications. Spring handles the infrastructure so application developers can focus on your application.

Spring Boot

Spring Boot is basically an extension of the Spring framework which eliminated the boilerplate configurations required for setting up a Spring application.

Spring Boot is an opinionated framework that helps developers build Spring-based applications quickly and easily. The main goal of Spring Boot is to quickly create Spring-based applications without requiring developers to write the same boilerplate configuration again and again.

Spring boot is one of the essential skills for Java EE developers right now.
Learn Spring boot at

Hibernate Framework

As a Java EE programmer, you must learn the Hibernate framework to develop the DAO layer.

Hibernate is a java based ORM tool that provides a framework for mapping application domain objects to the relational database tables and vice versa.

Hibernate is probably the most popular JPA implementation and one of the most popular Java frameworks in general. Hibernate acts as an additional layer on top of JDBC and enables you to implement a database-independent persistence layer. It provides an object-relational mapping implementation that maps your database records to Java objects and generates the required SQL statements to replicate all operations to the database.

Learn Hibernate at 

Spring Security

Spring security is one of the popular framework out there for implementing Authentication and Authorization features. To secure REST API's and web applications, I suggest you use Spring security in the Java community.


Spring Boot and Spring Cloud is a great combination to develop a microservices in Java.

Spring Boot is the most popular and widely used Java framework for building MicroServices. These days many organizations prefer to deploy their applications in a Cloud environment instead of taking all the headache of maintaining a datacenter themselves. But we need to take good care of the various aspects to make our applications Cloud Native. There comes the beauty of Spring Cloud.

Spring Cloud is essentially an implementation of various design patterns to be followed while building Cloud Native applications. Instead of reinventing the wheel, we can simply take advantage of various Spring Cloud modules and focus on our main business problem than worrying about infrastructural concerns.

3. Knowledge of Databases

As a full-stack Java developer, you should have good knowledge of databases.

Here are the commonly used relational databases and No SQL databases:


  • MySQL
  • PostgreSQL
  • MS-SQL server
  • Oracle

No SQL Databases:

  • MongoDB
  • CouchDB
  • Elastic Search

4. Tools

As a full-stack Java developer, you should know the below tools to develop and deploy web apps.

Here is the list of essential tools for full-stack Java developers:

1. Apache Maven

2. Gradle

3. Git

4. Jenkins

5. Eclipse and IntelliJ IDEA

6. Docker


8. SVN

9. Apache Ant

10. Java Decompiler


As a full-stack Java developer, you should know the front-end technologies, back-end technologies, databases, and tools to develop any software from end to end.

In this article, we have discussed what are the tools and technologies that are required to become a full-stack Java developer.

I recommend you to watch a video version of this article to get more explanation on this topic.


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