Spring Boot + Angular 6 CRUD Example

In this tutorial, we will learn how to develop a single-page application (SPA) using Angular 6 as a front-end and Spring boot restful API as a backend.

If you are looking for an Angular 7 with spring boot 2 integration example then check out Spring Boot + Angular 7 CRUD Example article.
Recommendation - Check out the same tutorial upgraded using the latest release of Angular 8 at Spring Boot + Angular 8 CRUD Example Tutorial 

You can download the source code of this tutorial from my GitHub repository at the end of this tutorial.

Features Implementation

  • Create an Employee
  • Update an Employee
  • List of Employees
  • Delete Employee
  • View Employee
  • You will develop your first FULL STACK Application with Angular 8 and Spring Boot.
Important: Note that update employee and view employee features covered in Spring Boot + Angular 8 CRUD Example Tutorial.

What you'll learn

  • You will develop your first FULL STACK Application with Angular 6 and Spring Boot
  • You will learn the basics of building AWESOME Frontend Applications with Angular 6
  • You will be introduced to building great RESTful APIs with Spring Boot
  • You will learn to solve the challenges of connecting an Angular frontend to a RESTful API
  • You will learn the basics of Angular - Angular Modules, Components, Data Binding and Routing
  • You will learn to connect REST API to JPA/Hibernate with Spring Boot
  • You will learn to use a wide variety of Spring Boot Starter Projects - Spring Boot Web, and Spring Boot Data JPA

What we will build?

Basically, we will create two projects:
  1. springboot2-jpa-crud-example: This project is used to develop CRUD RESTFul APIs for a simple Employee Management System using Spring Boot, JPA, and MySQL as a database.
  2. angular6-springboot-client: This project is used to develop a single page application using Angular 6 as front-end technology. This angular 6 application consumes CRUD Restful APIs developed and exposed by a springboot2-jpa-crud-example project.
Let me list out tools and technologies used to develop these two applications.

Tools and technologies used

Server-side technologies

  • Spring Boot - 3
  • JDK - 17 or later
  • Spring Framework - 6

Front end technologies

  • Angular 6
  • Bootstrap 4
  • npm- 6.4.1
  • JQuery


  • Maven - 3.2+
  • IDE - Eclipse or Spring Tool Suite (STS)
  • Visual Studio 2017
  • Angular CLI

Spring Boot CRUD Rest APIs

Let's first we will build CRUD RESTFul APIs for a Simple Employee Management System using Spring Boot 2 JPA and MySQL. Later we will consume these Rest APIs using the Angular 6 client application.
We will build the following five REST APIs (Controller handler methods) for the Employee resource.

1. Create and Setup

There are many ways to create a Spring Boot application. The simplest way is to use Spring Initializrat http://start.spring.io/, which is an online Spring Boot application generator.
Look at the above diagram, we have specified the following details:
  • Project: Maven Project
  • Java Version: 17 (Default)
  • Spring Boot: 3.0.4
  • Group: net.guides.springboot2
  • Artifact: springboot2-jpa-crud-example
  • Name: springboot2-jpa-crud-example
  • Description: Rest API for a Simple Employee Management Application
  • Package Name : net.guides.springboot2.springboot2jpacrudexample
  • Packaging: jar (This is the default value)
  • Dependencies: Web, JPA, MySQL, DevTools
Once, all the details are entered, then click on Generate Project button will generate a spring boot project and downloads it. Next, Unzip the downloaded zip file and import it into your favorite IDE.

2. Packaging Structure

Following is the packing structure of our Employee Management System -

3. The pom.xml File

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<project xmlns="http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
    xsi:schemaLocation="http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0 http://maven.apache.org/xsd/maven-4.0.0.xsd">


    <description>Demo project for Spring Boot</description>

        <relativePath/> <!-- lookup parent from repository -->





4. Create JPA Entity - Employee.java

package net.guides.springboot2.springboot2jpacrudexample.model;

import jakarta.persistence.*;

@Table(name = "employees")
public class Employee {

    private long id;
    private String firstName;
    private String lastName;
    private String emailId;
    public Employee() {
    public Employee(String firstName, String lastName, String emailId) {
         this.firstName = firstName;
         this.lastName = lastName;
         this.emailId = emailId;
    @GeneratedValue(strategy = GenerationType.AUTO)
        public long getId() {
        return id;
    public void setId(long id) {
        this.id = id;
    @Column(name = "first_name", nullable = false)
    public String getFirstName() {
        return firstName;
    public void setFirstName(String firstName) {
        this.firstName = firstName;
    @Column(name = "last_name", nullable = false)
    public String getLastName() {
        return lastName;
    public void setLastName(String lastName) {
        this.lastName = lastName;
    @Column(name = "email_address", nullable = false)
    public String getEmailId() {
        return emailId;
    public void setEmailId(String emailId) {
        this.emailId = emailId;

    public String toString() {
        return "Employee [id=" + id + ", firstName=" + firstName + ", lastName=" + lastName + ", emailId=" + emailId
       + "]";

5. Create a Spring Data Repository - EmployeeRepository.java

package net.guides.springboot2.springboot2jpacrudexample.repository;

import org.springframework.data.jpa.repository.JpaRepository;
import org.springframework.stereotype.Repository;

import net.guides.springboot2.springboot2jpacrudexample.model.Employee;

public interface EmployeeRepository extends JpaRepository<Employee, Long>{


6. Create Spring Rest Controller - EmployeeController.java

package net.guides.springboot2.springboot2jpacrudexample.controller;

import java.util.HashMap;
import java.util.List;
import java.util.Map;

import jakarta.validation.Valid;

import org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.Autowired;
import org.springframework.http.ResponseEntity;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.DeleteMapping;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.GetMapping;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.PathVariable;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.PostMapping;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.PutMapping;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.RequestBody;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.RequestMapping;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.RestController;

import net.guides.springboot2.springboot2jpacrudexample.exception.ResourceNotFoundException;
import net.guides.springboot2.springboot2jpacrudexample.model.Employee;
import net.guides.springboot2.springboot2jpacrudexample.repository.EmployeeRepository;

public class EmployeeController {
    private EmployeeRepository employeeRepository;

    public List<Employee> getAllEmployees() {
        return employeeRepository.findAll();

    public ResponseEntity<Employee> getEmployeeById(@PathVariable(value = "id") Long employeeId)
        throws ResourceNotFoundException {
        Employee employee = employeeRepository.findById(employeeId)
          .orElseThrow(() -> new ResourceNotFoundException("Employee not found for this id :: " + employeeId));
        return ResponseEntity.ok().body(employee);
    public Employee createEmployee(@Valid @RequestBody Employee employee) {
        return employeeRepository.save(employee);

    public ResponseEntity<Employee> updateEmployee(@PathVariable(value = "id") Long employeeId,
         @Valid @RequestBody Employee employeeDetails) throws ResourceNotFoundException {
        Employee employee = employeeRepository.findById(employeeId)
        .orElseThrow(() -> new ResourceNotFoundException("Employee not found for this id :: " + employeeId));

        final Employee updatedEmployee = employeeRepository.save(employee);
        return ResponseEntity.ok(updatedEmployee);

    public Map<String, Boolean> deleteEmployee(@PathVariable(value = "id") Long employeeId)
         throws ResourceNotFoundException {
        Employee employee = employeeRepository.findById(employeeId)
       .orElseThrow(() -> new ResourceNotFoundException("Employee not found for this id :: " + employeeId));

        Map<String, Boolean> response = new HashMap<>();
        response.put("deleted", Boolean.TRUE);
        return response;

Enable CORS on the Server

To enable CORS on the server, add a @CrossOrigin annotation to the EmployeeController.
@CrossOrigin(origins = "http://localhost:4200")
public class EmployeeController {
 // ....

7. Running Application

This spring boot application has an entry point Java class called SpringBootCrudRestApplication.java with the public static void main(String[] args) method, which you can run to start the application.
import org.springframework.boot.SpringApplication;

import org.springframework.boot.autoconfigure.SpringBootApplication;

public class Application {

    public static void main(String[] args) {
        SpringApplication.run(Application.class, args);
The main() method uses Spring Boot’s SpringApplication.run() method to launch an application. You can refer below gif file:
Or you can start the spring boot application via the command line using mvn spring-boot:run command.

This completes the development of Spring boot CRUD Rest APIs. Now we will develop a client application using Angular 6.

Angular 6 Client Application

Let's develop a step-by-step Angular 6 SPA(single-page application) to consume the above CRUD rest APIs.
I am assuming that you have basic knowledge of using Angular 6 and Angular CLI.
The Angular CLI is a command-line interface tool that you use to initialize, develop, scaffold, and maintain Angular applications. 
If you are new to Angular CLI then check out the official documentation at https://cli.angular.io.

Create Angular 6 client application using Angular CLI

You can install angular by typing the following command in your terminal -
$ npm install -g @angular/cli
Once installed, let's use below command to generate an Angular 6 client application. We name this project as "angular6-springboot-client".
ng new angular6-springboot-client

Components, Services, and Modules

Let's list out what are components, service, and modules we are going to create in this application. We will use Angular CLI to generate components, services because Angular CLI follows best practices and saves much of time.
  1. Components
  • create-employee
  • employee-list
  • employee-details
  1. Services
  • employee.service.ts - Service for Http Client methods
  1. Modules
  • FormsModule
  • HttpClientModule
  • AppRoutingModule.
  1. Employee Class (Typescript class)
  • employee.ts: class Employee (id, firstName, lastName, emailId)
In this next step, we will generate these components, classes, and services using Angular CLI.

Create Service & Components

Let's auto-generate service and components using Angular CLI . Change your project directory to angular6-springboot-client\src\app and run following commands:
- ng g s employee
– ng g c create-employee
– ng g c employee-details
– ng g c employee-list
Here is complete command and output for your reference:
C:\angular6\angular6-springboot-client\src\app>ng g s employee
CREATE src/app/employee.service.spec.ts (343 bytes)
CREATE src/app/employee.service.ts (137 bytes)

C:\angular6\angular6-springboot-client\src\app>ng g c create-employee
CREATE src/app/create-employee/create-employee.component.html (34 bytes)
CREATE src/app/create-employee/create-employee.component.spec.ts (685 bytes)
CREATE src/app/create-employee/create-employee.component.ts (304 bytes)
CREATE src/app/create-employee/create-employee.component.css (0 bytes)
UPDATE src/app/app.module.ts (509 bytes)

C:\angular6\angular6-springboot-client\src\app>ng g c employee-details
CREATE src/app/employee-details/employee-details.component.html (35 bytes)
CREATE src/app/employee-details/employee-details.component.spec.ts (692 bytes)
CREATE src/app/employee-details/employee-details.component.ts (308 bytes)
CREATE src/app/employee-details/employee-details.component.css (0 bytes)
UPDATE src/app/app.module.ts (629 bytes)

C:\angular6\angular6-springboot-client\src\app>ng g c employee-list
CREATE src/app/employee-list/employee-list.component.html (32 bytes)
CREATE src/app/employee-list/employee-list.component.spec.ts (671 bytes)
CREATE src/app/employee-list/employee-list.component.ts (296 bytes)
CREATE src/app/employee-list/employee-list.component.css (0 bytes)
UPDATE src/app/app.module.ts (737 bytes)
We will use Bootstrap 4 for styling our application so let's integrate bootstrap 4 with angular 6.

Integrate Bootstrap with Angular

Use NPM to download Bootstrap & JQuery. Bootstrap and jQuery will be installed into the node_modules folder.
npm install bootstrap jquery --save
Configure installed Bootstrap & JQuery in an angular.json file:
"styles": [
"scripts": [
Let's discuss each of the above generate components and service files and we will customize it as per our requirement.

Create Employee class employee.ts

Before defining the EmployeeListComponent, let’s define an Employee class for working with employees. create a new file employee.ts inside src/app folder and add the following code to it -
export class Employee {
    id: number;
    firstName: string;
    lastName: string;
    emailId: string;
    active: boolean;

EmployeeService - employee-service.ts

The EmployeeService will be used to get the data from backend by calling spring boot APIs. Update the employee.service.ts file inside src/app directory with the following code to it -
import { Injectable } from '@angular/core';
import { HttpClient } from '@angular/common/http';
import { Observable } from 'rxjs';

  providedIn: 'root'
export class EmployeeService {

  private baseUrl = '/api/v1/employees';

  constructor(private http: HttpClient) { }

  getEmployee(id: number): Observable<Object> {
    return this.http.get(`${this.baseUrl}/${id}`);

  createEmployee(employee: Object): Observable<Object> {
    return this.http.post(`${this.baseUrl}`, employee);

  updateEmployee(id: number, value: any): Observable<Object> {
    return this.http.put(`${this.baseUrl}/${id}`, value);

  deleteEmployee(id: number): Observable<any> {
    return this.http.delete(`${this.baseUrl}/${id}`, { responseType: 'text' });

  getEmployeesList(): Observable<any> {
    return this.http.get(`${this.baseUrl}`);

EmployeeListComponent - employee-list.component.ts

Let's update the EmployeeListComponent component which will be used to display a list of employee, create a new employee, and delete an employee.
Update/remove the content of employee-list.component.ts inside src/app directory and add the following code to it -
import { Observable } from "rxjs";
import { EmployeeService } from "./../employee.service";
import { Employee } from "./../employee";
import { Component, OnInit } from "@angular/core";

  selector: "app-employee-list",
  templateUrl: "./employee-list.component.html",
  styleUrls: ["./employee-list.component.css"]
export class EmployeeListComponent implements OnInit {
  employees: Observable<Employee[]>;

  constructor(private employeeService: EmployeeService) {}

  ngOnInit() {

  reloadData() {
    this.employees = this.employeeService.getEmployeesList();

  deleteEmployee(id: number) {
        data => {
        error => console.log(error));

Create a template for EmployeeListComponent employee-list.component.html

Update employee-list.component.html file with the following code to it -
<div class="panel panel-default">
    <div class="panel-heading">
    <div class="panel-body">
        <table class="table table-striped table-bordered">
                <tr *ngFor="let employee of employees | async">
                    <td><button (click)="deleteEmployee(employee.id)">Delete</button></td>

CreateEmployeeComponent - create-employee.component.ts

CreateEmployeeComponent is used to create and handle a new employee form data. Add the following code to it -
import { EmployeeService } from './../employee.service';
import { Employee } from './../employee';
import { Component, OnInit } from '@angular/core';

  selector: 'app-create-employee',
  templateUrl: './create-employee.component.html',
  styleUrls: ['./create-employee.component.css']
export class CreateEmployeeComponent implements OnInit {

  employee: Employee = new Employee();
  submitted = false;

  constructor(private employeeService: EmployeeService) { }

  ngOnInit() {

  newEmployee(): void {
    this.submitted = false;
    this.employee = new Employee();

  save() {
      .subscribe(data => console.log(data), error => console.log(error));
    this.employee = new Employee();

  onSubmit() {
    this.submitted = true;

Create a template for EmployeeCreateComponent create-employee.component.html

<h3>Create Employee</h3>
<div [hidden]="submitted" style="width: 400px;">
    <form (ngSubmit)="onSubmit()">
        <div class="form-group">
            <label for="name">First Name</label>
            <input type="text" class="form-control" id="firstName" required [(ngModel)]="employee.firstName" name="firstName">

        <div class="form-group">
            <label for="name">Last Name</label>
            <input type="text" class="form-control" id="lastName" required [(ngModel)]="employee.lastName" name="lastName">

        <div class="form-group">
            <label for="name">First Name</label>
            <input type="text" class="form-control" id="emailId" required [(ngModel)]="employee.emailId" name="emailId">

        <button type="submit" class="btn btn-success">Submit</button>

<div [hidden]="!submitted">
    <h4>You submitted successfully!</h4>

EmployeeDetailsComponent- employee-details.component.ts

This component shows details of employee -
import { Employee } from './../employee';
import { Component, OnInit, Input } from '@angular/core';
import { EmployeeService } from '../employee.service';
import { EmployeeListComponent } from '../employee-list/employee-list.component';

  selector: 'app-employee-details',
  templateUrl: './employee-details.component.html',
  styleUrls: ['./employee-details.component.css']
export class EmployeeDetailsComponent implements OnInit {

  @Input() employee: Employee;

  constructor(private employeeService: EmployeeService, private listComponent: EmployeeListComponent) { }

  ngOnInit() {

Create a template for EmployeeDetailsComponent employee-details.component.html

<div *ngIf="employee">
        <label>Name: </label> {{employee.firstName}}
        <label>Age: </label> {{employee.lastName}}
        <label>Active: </label> {{employee.emailId}}
        <label>Active: </label> {{employee.active}}

    <span class="button is-small btn-primary" *ngIf='employee.active' (click)='updateActive(false)'>Inactive</span>

    <span class="button is-small btn-primary" *ngIf='!employee.active' (click)='updateActive(true)'>Active</span>

    <span class="button is-small btn-danger" (click)='deleteEmployee()'>Delete</span>


AppRoutingModule - app-routing.module.ts

import { EmployeeDetailsComponent } from './employee-details/employee-details.component';
import { CreateEmployeeComponent } from './create-employee/create-employee.component';
import { NgModule } from '@angular/core';
import { Routes, RouterModule } from '@angular/router';
import { EmployeeListComponent } from './employee-list/employee-list.component';

const routes: Routes = [
  { path: '', redirectTo: 'employee', pathMatch: 'full' },
  { path: 'employees', component: EmployeeListComponent },
  { path: 'add', component: CreateEmployeeComponent },

  imports: [RouterModule.forRoot(routes)],
  exports: [RouterModule]
export class AppRoutingModule { }

AppComponent - app/app.component.ts

Defines the logic for the app's root component, named AppComponent. The view associated with this root component becomes the root of the view hierarchy as you add components and services to your app.
import { Component } from '@angular/core';

  selector: 'app-root',
  templateUrl: './app.component.html',
  styleUrls: ['./app.component.css']
export class AppComponent {
  title = 'Angular 6 + Spring Boot 2 + Spring Data JPA + MySQL + CRUD Tutorial';


Defines the HTML template associated with the root AppComponent.
<div class="container">

    <nav class="navbar navbar-expand-sm bg-dark navbar-dark">
        <!-- Links -->
        <ul class="navbar-nav">
            <li class="nav-item">
                <a routerLink="employees" class="btn btn-primary active" role="button" routerLinkActive="active">Employees</a>
            <li class="nav-item" style="margin-left: 10px;">
                <a routerLink="add" class="btn btn-primary active" role="button" routerLinkActive="active">Add</a>



Defines the root module, named AppModule, that tells Angular how to assemble the application. Initially declares only the AppComponent. As you add more components to the app, they must be declared here.
import { BrowserModule } from '@angular/platform-browser';
import { NgModule } from '@angular/core';
import { FormsModule } from '@angular/forms';
import { AppRoutingModule } from './app-routing.module';
import { AppComponent } from './app.component';
import { CreateEmployeeComponent } from './create-employee/create-employee.component';
import { EmployeeDetailsComponent } from './employee-details/employee-details.component';
import { EmployeeListComponent } from './employee-list/employee-list.component';
import { HttpClientModule } from '@angular/common/http';
  declarations: [
  imports: [
  providers: [],
  bootstrap: [AppComponent]
export class AppModule { }

Configure a proxy for your API calls with Angular CLI

Here I will show you how to set up your Angular development server and how to configure it to properly communicate with your backend (REST) API.

In a real-world setup where you have your Angular CLI development server running on http://localhost:4200 and your backend API (in whichever technology you like) running on some other port or even host, let’s say http://localhost:8080.

When you then want to execute an HTTP call within the app, you’d have to write something like this, indicating the full path of your backend API.
    .map(res => res.json());
Obviously, the base URL (i.e. the host) can be configured in a central place somewhere, such as via the environment.ts file (that gets generated by the Angular CLI). But there’s another issue as well. Unless you’re creating some publicly consumable API and you inject the required CORS headers, you’ll most probably get some CORS exceptions.

What is the solution? Here is a solution with different options.

Configuring your Angular CLI dev-server proxy

There are different options:
  • add the proper CORS headers - This is definitely a must in a case when you design a generic API where you don’t even know the consumer.
  • use a proxy - A proxy is a piece of software that is in between your JavaScript/Angular app doing the Ajax request and your backend API. This is the choice to go in a classic app.
In this example, I have used a proxy to configure our Angular CLI dev-server proxy.
To set it up, we need to create a file proxy.conf.json at the root of our Angular CLI project. The content should look as follows:


  "/api/v1/employees": {
    "target": "http://localhost:8080",
    "secure": false
All requests made to /api/v1/employees from within our application will be forwarded to http://localhost:8080//api/v1/employees

As we already started Spring boot application. Now let's run this Angular 7 application.

Running Angular 6 Application

Let's run the above developed Angular App with a command: npm start

Note that when you execute npm start, ng serve will be invoked which is a command to the CLI to fire up its internal development server.


Open browser for URL http://URLalhost:4200/:

Employee List Page

Add Employee Page

Delete Employee

Important: Note that update employee and view employee features covered in Spring Boot + Angular 8 CRUD Example Tutorial.

Note: If you still get CORS Issue then refer below section:

Enable CORS on the Server // Important

To enable CORS on the server, add a @CrossOrigin annotation to the EmployeeController.
@CrossOrigin(origins = "http://localhost:4200")
public class EmployeeController {
 // ....

Source Code on GitHub

The source code of this tutorial available on my GitHub repository at https://github.com/RameshMF/angular6-springboot-crud-tutorial


  1. Hello and thanks for the tutorial.
    I'm having a trouble, when I try to call the backend from the front-end I get this error:
    HttpErrorResponse {headers: HttpHeaders, status: 404, statusText: "Not Found", url: "http://localhost:4200/api/v1/employees", ok: false, …}
    I don't know why is trying to call the URL with the port 4200, it should be with the port of the backend 8080. Can you help me please.

    1. Angular application is running on port 4200 and spring boot is running on 8080 port. You need to specify full rest API URL like http://localhost:8080/api/v1/employees to call rest APIs of spring boot application. I have used proxy configuration to avoid CSRF related issues. Replace "api/v1/employees" with "http://localhost:8080/api/v1/employees" in EmployeeService class then it should work.

    2. Thanks for answer, now I'm having en error when I want to get an specific employee or when I want to delete. this is the error
      I don't know what is happening.
      Resolved [org.springframework.web.HttpRequestMethodNotSupportedException: Request method 'DELETE' not supported]

    3. In my case, it was missing one more change after create the proxy file. I edited the package.json file’s start script to be:

      "start": "ng serve --proxy-config proxy.conf.json"

      Then it worked.


  2. Hi,

    Thank you for this wonderful tutorial but I am facing same 404 error when I used "api/v1/employees" and CSRF error when i used "http://localhost:8080/api/v1/employees" .

    Please help me with solution. Thanks in advance.

  3. I am getting below error after click on "employees" button. I have already created database files

    Access to XMLHttpRequest at 'http://localhost:8080/api/v1' from origin 'http://localhost:4200' has been blocked by CORS policy: No 'Access-Control-Allow-Origin' header is present on the requested resource.
    zone.js:2969 GET http://localhost:8080/api/v1 net::ERR_FAILED

    1. Refer 'Enable CORS on the Server' section in this tutorial. Let me know if you still face the issue

  4. Hey, I'm having troubles with the update component

  5. Hi, could you give the source code link???Please..

  6. Hey, i get all of this but where should i specify the database configurations like dbName and user ,password ?

    1. You need to specify database details in application.properties of spring boot project.

  7. Hi Ramesh,
    You are not metion the code for update. can you please provide that.
    todo-list.component.ts not available in src/app of angular 8 context path.
    please provide that as early as possible

    1. Hi, the todo-list.component.ts file is not related to this project. This file name was typo and I replaced this file name from todo-list.component.ts to employee-list.component.ts. I have update this tutorial for the same. Thank you.


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