JSON Interview Questions

JSON (JavaScript Object Notation) is a lightweight data-interchange format that is easy for humans to read and write and easy for machines to parse and generate. It is widely used in web development to exchange data between clients and servers. 

Understanding JSON and its various aspects is crucial for developers working with web technologies. This blog post covers some of the frequently asked JSON interview questions and answers to help you prepare effectively for your job interviews.

1. What is JSON?

Answer: JSON (JavaScript Object Notation) is a lightweight data-interchange format that uses human-readable text to store and transmit data objects consisting of attribute-value pairs and array data types. It is language-independent and is often used to transmit data between a server and web application as an alternative to XML.

2. What are the key features of JSON?

Answer: Key features of JSON include:

  • Lightweight: JSON is less verbose and lighter compared to XML, making it faster and easier to parse.
  • Human-readable: JSON syntax is easy for humans to read and write.
  • Language-independent: JSON is based on JavaScript syntax, but it can be used with most programming languages.
  • Data types: JSON supports simple data types like strings, numbers, booleans, null, objects (dictionaries), and arrays.

3. What are the data types supported by JSON?

Answer: JSON supports the following data types:

  • String: A sequence of characters enclosed in double-quotes.
  • Number: An integer or floating-point number.
  • Boolean: Either true or false.
  • Null: Represents an empty value.
  • Object: A collection of key-value pairs enclosed in curly braces {}. Keys are strings, and values can be any JSON data type.
  • Array: An ordered list of values enclosed in square brackets []. Values can be any JSON data type.

4. Provide an example of a JSON object.

Answer: Here is an example of a JSON object representing a person:

  "firstName": "John",
  "lastName": "Doe",
  "age": 30,
  "isMarried": true,
  "children": ["Jane", "Mark"],
  "address": {
    "street": "123 Main St",
    "city": "New York",
    "state": "NY",
    "postalCode": "10001"
  "phoneNumbers": [
    {"type": "home", "number": "212-555-1234"},
    {"type": "work", "number": "212-555-5678"}

5. How do you parse JSON data in JavaScript?

Answer: In JavaScript, you can parse JSON data using the JSON.parse() method. This method converts a JSON string into a JavaScript object.


const jsonString = '{"firstName": "John", "lastName": "Doe", "age": 30}';
const jsonObject = JSON.parse(jsonString);
console.log(jsonObject.firstName); // Output: John

6. How do you convert a JavaScript object to a JSON string?

Answer: In JavaScript, you can convert a JavaScript object to a JSON string using the JSON.stringify() method.


const jsonObject = {
  firstName: "John",
  lastName: "Doe",
  age: 30
const jsonString = JSON.stringify(jsonObject);
console.log(jsonString); // Output: {"firstName":"John","lastName":"Doe","age":30}

7. What are the differences between JSON and XML?

Answer: Here are some key differences between JSON and XML:

  • Syntax: JSON uses a key-value pair structure, while XML uses a tree structure with nested elements.
  • Readability: JSON is generally easier to read and write compared to XML.
  • Data types: JSON natively supports arrays and basic data types (string, number, boolean, null), whereas XML does not have built-in data types and requires additional schema definitions.
  • Verbosity: JSON is less verbose and more compact compared to XML.
  • Parsing: JSON is easier and faster to parse compared to XML.
  • Namespaces: XML supports namespaces, while JSON does not.

8. How do you handle JSON data in Python?

Answer: In Python, you can handle JSON data using the json module. This module provides methods to parse JSON strings into Python objects and to convert Python objects into JSON strings.


Parsing JSON string to Python object:

import json

json_string = '{"firstName": "John", "lastName": "Doe", "age": 30}'
json_object = json.loads(json_string)
print(json_object['firstName'])  # Output: John

Converting Python object to JSON string:

import json

python_object = {
    "firstName": "John",
    "lastName": "Doe",
    "age": 30
json_string = json.dumps(python_object)
print(json_string)  # Output: {"firstName": "John", "lastName": "Doe", "age": 30}

9. How do you handle comments in JSON?

Answer: JSON does not support comments. If you need to include comments in your data, you should use another method, such as adding a separate field or using a different format that supports comments. However, if comments are essential for readability or documentation, consider using JSON5, which is an extension of JSON that allows comments.

10. How can you validate JSON data?

Answer: JSON data can be validated using JSON Schema, which is used for validating the structure and content of JSON data. JSON Schema defines the expected format of the JSON data, including data types, required fields, and value constraints.


Sample JSON Schema:

  "$schema": "http://json-schema.org/draft-07/schema#",
  "type": "object",
  "properties": {
    "firstName": {
      "type": "string"
    "lastName": {
      "type": "string"
    "age": {
      "type": "integer",
      "minimum": 0
  "required": ["firstName", "lastName"]

Validation in Python using jsonschema library:

import json
import jsonschema
from jsonschema import validate

# Sample JSON data
json_data = {
    "firstName": "John",
    "lastName": "Doe",
    "age": 30

# Sample JSON Schema
schema = {
    "type": "object",
    "properties": {
        "firstName": {"type": "string"},
        "lastName": {"type": "string"},
        "age": {"type": "integer", "minimum": 0}
    "required": ["firstName", "lastName"]

# Validate JSON data against the schema
    validate(instance=json_data, schema=schema)
    print("JSON data is valid.")
except jsonschema.exceptions.ValidationError as err:
    print(f"JSON data is invalid: {err.message}")


JSON is a widely-used format for data interchange, especially in web development. Understanding its core concepts, features, and best practices is crucial for any developer working with web technologies. This blog post covered some of the most commonly asked JSON interview questions, helping you prepare effectively for your next interview. By mastering these concepts, you will be well-equipped to tackle any JSON-related challenges you may encounter.