Spring Cloud API Gateway Global Filter Example - Spring Boot Microservices

In this tutorial, we will create a Spring Cloud API Gateway project and demonstrate how to implement a global filter. We will use Spring Boot 3.2 and Spring Cloud 2023.x versions. The global filter will be applied to all incoming requests passing through the API Gateway.


Before we start, ensure you have the following:

  • Java Development Kit (JDK) installed
  • Apache Maven installed
  • An IDE (such as IntelliJ IDEA, Eclipse, or VS Code) installed

Step 1: Setting Up the Spring Cloud API Gateway Project

1.1 Create a Spring Cloud API Gateway Project

  1. Open Spring Initializr:

  2. Configure Project Metadata:

    • Project: Maven Project
    • Language: Java
    • Spring Boot: Select the latest version of Spring Boot 3.2
    • Group: com.example
    • Artifact: api-gateway
    • Name: api-gateway
    • Description: Spring Cloud API Gateway Example
    • Package Name: com.example.apigateway
    • Packaging: Jar
    • Java Version: 17 (or your preferred version)
    • Click Next.
  3. Select Dependencies:

    • On the Dependencies screen, select the dependencies you need:
      • Spring Cloud Gateway
      • Spring Boot DevTools
      • Spring Web
    • Click Next.
  4. Generate the Project:

    • Click Generate to download the project zip file.
    • Extract the zip file to your desired location.
  5. Open the Project in Your IDE:

    • Open your IDE and import the project as a Maven project.

1.2 Update pom.xml

Ensure your pom.xml includes the Spring Cloud dependencies. Add the Spring Cloud BOM (Bill of Materials) for the 2023.x version to manage the dependencies:




Step 2: Configure the Application Properties

2.1 Update application.yml

Create an application.yml file in the src/main/resources directory and configure it as follows:

  port: 8080

    name: api-gateway

        - id: example_service
          uri: http://localhost:8081
            - Path=/example/**

This configuration sets up a route that forwards requests matching /example/** to a service running on http://localhost:8081.

Step 3: Implementing a Global Filter

3.1 Create the GlobalFilter Class

Create a new class named CustomGlobalFilter in the com.example.apigateway.filter package:

package com.example.apigateway.filter;

import org.slf4j.Logger;
import org.slf4j.LoggerFactory;
import org.springframework.cloud.gateway.filter.GlobalFilter;
import org.springframework.core.annotation.Order;
import org.springframework.stereotype.Component;
import reactor.core.publisher.Mono;

import org.springframework.web.server.ServerWebExchange;

public class CustomGlobalFilter implements GlobalFilter {

    private static final Logger logger = LoggerFactory.getLogger(CustomGlobalFilter.class);

    public Mono<Void> filter(ServerWebExchange exchange, org.springframework.cloud.gateway.filter.GatewayFilterChain chain) {
        logger.info("Global Filter executed for request: {}", exchange.getRequest().getPath());
        return chain.filter(exchange).then(Mono.fromRunnable(() -> {
            logger.info("Global Filter post-processing for response: {}", exchange.getResponse().getStatusCode());


  • The CustomGlobalFilter class implements the GlobalFilter interface.
  • The filter method logs the request path and response status code.
  • The @Component annotation registers the filter as a Spring bean.
  • The @Order(0) annotation ensures this filter runs first among multiple filters.

Step 4: Running the Application

4.1 Create the ApiGatewayApplication Class

Ensure the ApiGatewayApplication class is present in the src/main/java/com/example/apigateway directory:

package com.example.apigateway;

import org.springframework.boot.SpringApplication;
import org.springframework.boot.autoconfigure.SpringBootApplication;

public class ApiGatewayApplication {

    public static void main(String[] args) {
        SpringApplication.run(ApiGatewayApplication.class, args);

4.2 Run the Application

  1. Open the ApiGatewayApplication class in the src/main/java/com/example/apigateway directory.

  2. Click the green Run button in your IDE or use the terminal to run the application:

    ./mvnw spring-boot:run
  3. The application will start on http://localhost:8080.

Step 5: Testing the Application

5.1 Test the Global Filter

  1. Start the service running on http://localhost:8081 that the API Gateway routes to. This can be any simple Spring Boot application that handles requests at the /example endpoint.
  2. Use a tool like Postman to send a request to http://localhost:8080/example/test.
  3. Check the logs to verify that the global filter has been executed. You should see log entries indicating that the global filter processed the request and response.


In this tutorial, we created a Spring Cloud API Gateway project using Spring Boot 3.2 and Spring Cloud 2023.x versions. We configured the application to route requests to a backend service and implemented a global filter to log requests and responses. This setup provides a solid foundation for developing more complex API Gateway functionalities.