### Java: Find Largest Number in Array

Finding the largest number in an array is a common task in Java. This guide will cover different ways to find the largest number, including using loops, the `Arrays` class, and the `Stream` API (Java 8 and later).

1. Introduction
2. Using Loops
3. Using `Arrays` Class
4. Using `Stream` API
5. Conclusion

## Introduction

In Java, arrays are fixed-size data structures that store elements of the same type. Finding the largest number in an array involves comparing each element to determine the maximum value. This can be done using various methods, each suited to different scenarios.

## Using Loops

One way to find the largest number in an array is by iterating through the array using a loop.

### Example

``````public class FindLargestExample {
public static void main(String[] args) {
int[] array = {10, 20, 5, 30, 15};
int largest = findLargest(array);

System.out.println("The largest number in the array is: " + largest);
}

public static int findLargest(int[] array) {
int largest = array[0];
for (int i = 1; i < array.length; i++) {
if (array[i] > largest) {
largest = array[i];
}
}
return largest;
}
}
``````

### Explanation

• The first element of the array is assumed to be the largest.
• A loop is used to iterate through the array starting from the second element.
• If an element is larger than the current largest, it becomes the new largest.
• The largest number is returned at the end of the loop.

Output:

``````The largest number in the array is: 30
``````

## Using `Arrays` Class

The `Arrays` class provides utility methods for arrays, including a method to sort the array.

### Example

``````import java.util.Arrays;

public class FindLargestExample {
public static void main(String[] args) {
int[] array = {10, 20, 5, 30, 15};
int largest = findLargest(array);

System.out.println("The largest number in the array is: " + largest);
}

public static int findLargest(int[] array) {
Arrays.sort(array);
return array[array.length - 1];
}
}
``````

### Explanation

• The `Arrays.sort` method is used to sort the array in ascending order.
• The last element of the sorted array is the largest.
• The largest number is returned.

Output:

``````The largest number in the array is: 30
``````

## Using `Stream` API

The `Stream` API (introduced in Java 8) provides a modern and concise way to find the largest number in an array.

### Example

``````import java.util.Arrays;

public class FindLargestExample {
public static void main(String[] args) {
int[] array = {10, 20, 5, 30, 15};
int largest = findLargest(array);

System.out.println("The largest number in the array is: " + largest);
}

public static int findLargest(int[] array) {
return Arrays.stream(array)
.max()
.getAsInt();
}
}
``````

### Explanation

• A stream is created from the array using `Arrays.stream`.
• The `max` method finds the largest element in the stream.
• The largest number is returned using `getAsInt`.

Output:

``````The largest number in the array is: 30
``````

## Conclusion

Finding the largest number in an array in Java can be accomplished using various methods, each with its own advantages. Using loops provides a clear and straightforward approach, suitable for any type of array. The `Arrays` class offers a convenient way to sort the array and find the largest element. The `Stream` API provides a modern and functional programming approach, making the code more readable and expressive. Depending on your specific use case and preferences, you can choose the method that best fits your needs.