Hibernate 6 Migration: Step-by-Step Guide

Migrating to Hibernate 6 involves several changes, including updates to configuration, dependencies, and some code adjustments. This guide will walk you through the necessary steps to migrate your existing Hibernate project to Hibernate 6, including the necessary dialect configuration and changes from javax to jakarta.

Step 1: Update Dependencies

The first step in migrating to Hibernate 6 is updating your Maven or Gradle dependencies to the latest Hibernate 6 version.


Update your pom.xml to include Hibernate 6 dependencies:

    <!-- Other dependencies -->


Update your build.gradle to include Hibernate 6 dependencies:

dependencies {
    implementation 'org.hibernate.orm:hibernate-core:6.0.0.Final'
    implementation 'org.hibernate.orm:hibernate-entitymanager:6.0.0.Final'
    // Other dependencies

Step 2: Update Configuration

Hibernate Configuration File (hibernate.cfg.xml)

If you are using an XML-based configuration, ensure your hibernate.cfg.xml is updated to comply with Hibernate 6. The configuration structure remains similar, but you should check for deprecated properties.

Example hibernate.cfg.xml:

<!DOCTYPE hibernate-configuration PUBLIC
    "-//Hibernate/Hibernate Configuration DTD 3.0//EN"

        <property name="hibernate.dialect">org.hibernate.dialect.MySQLDialect</property>
        <property name="hibernate.connection.driver_class">com.mysql.cj.jdbc.Driver</property>
        <property name="hibernate.connection.url">jdbc:mysql://localhost:3306/your_database</property>
        <property name="hibernate.connection.username">root</property>
        <property name="hibernate.connection.password">password</property>
        <property name="hibernate.hbm2ddl.auto">update</property>
        <property name="hibernate.show_sql">true</property>
        <property name="hibernate.format_sql">true</property>
        <!-- Other properties -->

Spring Boot Configuration (application.properties)

If you are using Spring Boot, update your application.properties or application.yml file.

Example application.properties:



Note: Specifying the hibernate.dialect property is optional in most cases as Hibernate can often auto-detect the dialect. However, explicitly setting it can help avoid potential issues, especially in complex environments.

Step 3: Update Hibernate Util Class

If you have a HibernateUtil class to manage your SessionFactory, update it to comply with Hibernate 6.

Example HibernateUtil Class

package com.example.util;

import org.hibernate.SessionFactory;
import org.hibernate.boot.registry.StandardServiceRegistryBuilder;
import org.hibernate.cfg.Configuration;

public class HibernateUtil {

    private static final SessionFactory sessionFactory = buildSessionFactory();

    private static SessionFactory buildSessionFactory() {
        try {
            Configuration configuration = new Configuration().configure();
            StandardServiceRegistryBuilder builder = new StandardServiceRegistryBuilder()
            return configuration.buildSessionFactory(builder.build());
        } catch (Throwable ex) {
            System.err.println("Initial SessionFactory creation failed." + ex);
            throw new ExceptionInInitializerError(ex);

    public static SessionFactory getSessionFactory() {
        return sessionFactory;

    public static void shutdown() {

Step 4: Code Adjustments

JPA Annotations and API

Hibernate 6 has migrated from javax to jakarta for its JPA annotations and API. Ensure you update your entity classes and code to reflect these changes.

Example User Entity:

package com.example.entity;

import jakarta.persistence.Entity;
import jakarta.persistence.GeneratedValue;
import jakarta.persistence.GenerationType;
import jakarta.persistence.Id;

public class User {
    @GeneratedValue(strategy = GenerationType.IDENTITY)
    private Long id;
    private String name;
    private String email;

    // Getters and setters
    public Long getId() {
        return id;

    public void setId(Long id) {
        this.id = id;

    public String getName() {
        return name;

    public void setName(String name) {
        this.name = name;

    public String getEmail() {
        return email;

    public void setEmail(String email) {
        this.email = email;
Ensure you also update any javax annotations and APIs to jakarta to maintain compatibility with Hibernate 6.
For example, change the package name from javax.persistence.* to jakarta.persistence.*.

Criteria API Changes

If you are using the Criteria API, update your code to comply with the new API in Hibernate 6.

Example Criteria Query:

import org.hibernate.Session;
import org.hibernate.SessionFactory;
import org.hibernate.cfg.Configuration;
import jakarta.persistence.criteria.CriteriaBuilder;
import jakarta.persistence.criteria.CriteriaQuery;
import jakarta.persistence.criteria.Root;

public class UserDao {
    private SessionFactory sessionFactory = HibernateUtil.getSessionFactory();

    public List<User> getAllUsers() {
        Session session = sessionFactory.openSession();
        CriteriaBuilder builder = session.getCriteriaBuilder();
        CriteriaQuery<User> query = builder.createQuery(User.class);
        Root<User> root = query.from(User.class);
        List<User> users = session.createQuery(query).getResultList();
        return users;

Step 5: Latest Features in Hibernate 6

Batch Processing Enhancements

Hibernate 6 has improved batch processing, making it easier to handle large datasets efficiently. The new batch processing mechanism reduces memory usage and increases performance.

Improved Schema Management

Schema management has been enhanced with better support for schema migrations and validations. This allows for more robust handling of database schemas, especially in environments with frequent schema changes.

Enhanced Mapping Support

Hibernate 6 introduces enhanced support for complex mappings, including better handling of composite keys and inheritance mappings.

Query Enhancements

The query capabilities in Hibernate 6 have been improved with better support for subqueries, common table expressions (CTEs), and window functions. This allows for more powerful and expressive queries.

Step 6: Testing

After making these changes, thoroughly test your application to ensure everything works correctly with Hibernate 6. Pay special attention to database operations, entity mappings, and criteria queries.

Additional Information from the Hibernate Migration Guide

Refer to the Hibernate 6.0 Migration Guide for more detailed information on the following topics:

  • Removed Features: Some features and APIs from previous Hibernate versions may have been removed or replaced.
  • Configuration Changes: There are changes in configuration properties and their usage.
  • New Bootstrapping API: Hibernate 6 introduces a new bootstrapping API that might affect how you configure and initialize Hibernate.
  • Updated Integrations: Integration with other libraries and frameworks may have changed, requiring updates to your project setup.


Migrating to Hibernate 6 involves updating your dependencies, configuration files, utility classes, and code to comply with the new API changes. By following this step-by-step guide, you can successfully migrate your existing Hibernate project to Hibernate 6 and take advantage of the latest features and improvements. Ensure you also update any javax annotations and APIs to jakarta to maintain compatibility with Hibernate 6. While specifying the hibernate.dialect property is optional, it can help avoid potential issues, especially in complex environments. For more detailed information, refer to the Hibernate 6.0 Migration Guide.