How to Get the Last Record in Spring Data JPA

In this blog post, we will explore how to retrieve the last record from a database using Spring Data JPASpring Data JPA is a part of the larger Spring Data family that makes it easy to implement JPA-based repositories. This tutorial assumes you have a basic understanding of Spring Boot and JPA. 

Understanding the Requirement 

Retrieving the last record from a database is a common requirement in various applications, such as getting the most recent transaction or the last logged event. In databases, the "last record" can be interpreted in different ways, but it is typically considered as the most recently added record according to a specific column, often a timestamp or an auto-incremented id.

Step 1: Setting Up Your Environment 

Ensure your Spring Boot project is set up correctly. Your pom.xml (for Maven) or build.gradle (for Gradle) should include the Spring Boot Starter Data JPA dependency. 

Maven Dependency


Gradle Dependency

implementation 'org.springframework.boot:spring-boot-starter-data-jpa'

Step 2: Define Your Entity 

For demonstration, let's assume we have an entity Transaction that represents a transaction in a system.
public class Transaction {
    @GeneratedValue(strategy = GenerationType.AUTO)
    private Long id;

    private Date timestamp;
    private Double amount;
    // Getters and setters omitted for brevity

Step 3: Creating a Repository 

Create a repository interface for your entity. This interface extends JpaRepository, which provides JPA-related methods for your entity.
public interface TransactionRepository extends JpaRepository<Transaction, Long> {

Step 4: Querying the Last Record 

To fetch the last record, you need a method in your repository that can query based on the desired ordering criterion, usually by id or a timestamp. Here are two approaches: 

Approach 1: Using findFirstByOrderBy[Column]Desc 

This method is useful when you want to order by a specific column.
public interface TransactionRepository extends JpaRepository<Transaction, Long> {
    Transaction findFirstByOrderByTimestampDesc();

Approach 2: Using @Query Annotation 

If you need a more customized query, use the @Query annotation.
public interface TransactionRepository extends JpaRepository<Transaction, Long> {
    @Query("SELECT t FROM Transaction t ORDER BY DESC")
    List<Transaction> findLatestTransaction(Pageable pageable);
In your service layer, you can call this method with PageRequest.of(0, 1) to fetch only the latest record.

Step 5: Service Layer Implementation 

Implement the service method to call the repository.
public class TransactionService {

    private TransactionRepository repository;

    public Transaction getLastTransaction() {
        return repository.findFirstByOrderByTimestampDesc();


Retrieving the last record from a database using Spring Data JPA is straightforward. By defining the appropriate query methods in your repository interface, you can easily fetch the most recent record based on your criteria. Remember to consider the performance implications of your chosen method, especially in tables with a large number of rows. 

Stay tuned for more insights and tips on Spring Data JPA and other Spring modules! 

Happy coding!