Spring Boot and RabbitMQ Integration

In the realm of microservices and distributed systems, efficient communication between different components of an application is vital. RabbitMQ, a popular message broker, plays a crucial role in enabling reliable and scalable message exchange. When integrated with Spring Boot, RabbitMQ enhances the development of message-driven applications by providing a robust and straightforward approach to handling message queues. This blog post will guide you through integrating RabbitMQ with a Spring Boot application and demonstrate how to send and receive messages seamlessly.

Why Choose RabbitMQ with Spring Boot? 

RabbitMQ and Spring Boot together offer several benefits: 

Asynchronous Processing: RabbitMQ facilitates asynchronous data processing, enhancing application performance. 

Reliability and Scalability: It ensures reliable message delivery and is scalable, which is essential for high-load applications. 

Simplified Configuration: Spring Boot simplifies RabbitMQ setup with auto-configuration and dependency management.


Java and Spring Boot set up in your development environment. 

The RabbitMQ server is installed and operational. 

Adding Dependencies 

Include the RabbitMQ starter dependency and Spring Boot web starter dependency in your Spring Boot project:


Connect Spring Boot Application with RabbitMQ

We will get a connection to the RabbitMQ broker on port 5672 using the default username and password as “guest/guest”.

Spring boot autoconfiguration will automatically connect the Spring boot application with RabbitMQ using default configuration details but you can modify them as per the environment in an application.properties file:

Creating RabbitMQ Message Producer and Consumer

Message Producer Service

Create a service for publishing messages to a RabbitMQ queue:

import org.springframework.amqp.rabbit.core.RabbitTemplate;
import org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.Autowired;
import org.springframework.stereotype.Service;

public class MessageProducerService {

    private final RabbitTemplate rabbitTemplate;

    public MessageProducerService(RabbitTemplate rabbitTemplate) {
        this.rabbitTemplate = rabbitTemplate;

    public void sendMessage(String queueName, String message) {
        rabbitTemplate.convertAndSend(queueName, message);
        System.out.println("Sent: '" + message + "' to queue: " + queueName);

Message Consumer Service

Define a service to consume messages from the queue:

import org.springframework.amqp.rabbit.annotation.RabbitListener;
import org.springframework.stereotype.Component;

public class MessageConsumerService {

    @RabbitListener(queues = "myQueue")
    public void receiveMessage(String message) {
        System.out.println("Received: '" + message + "'");

Triggering Message Sending via REST Controller

To demonstrate sending messages, implement a REST controller:

import org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.Autowired;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.GetMapping;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.RequestParam;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.RestController;

public class MessageController {

    private final MessageProducerService producerService;

    public MessageController(MessageProducerService producerService) {
        this.producerService = producerService;

    public String sendMessage(@RequestParam String message) {
        producerService.sendMessage("myQueue", message);
        return "Message sent";


When you run the application and send a message (e.g., http://localhost:8080/send?message=Hello RabbitMQ), the console will display:

Sending a Message: Sent: 'Hello RabbitMQ' to queue: myQueue.
Receiving a Message: Received: 'Hello RabbitMQ'.


Integrating RabbitMQ with Spring Boot allows developers to create message-driven applications efficiently. This combination leverages the simplicity of Spring Boot and the robust messaging capabilities of RabbitMQ, making it an excellent choice for modern application development, especially in microservices architectures. With the foundational knowledge from this guide, you can explore more advanced messaging patterns and RabbitMQ features to enhance your applications further.