Difference Between Struct and Map in Golang

1. Introduction

In Golang, structs and maps are two important data types used to store collections of data. 

A struct is a type that groups together variables of different types under a single name, providing a convenient way to keep related data together. Structs are useful for defining objects with known properties. 

A map, on the other hand, is a collection of key-value pairs, where each unique key maps to a single value. Maps are ideal for storing data with dynamic or unknown structures at compile time.

2. Key Points

1. Type of Collection: Structs are collections of fields, and maps are collections of key-value pairs.

2. Type Safety: Structs are type-safe, maps are not strictly type-safe.

3. Use Case: Structs for fixed data structures, maps for dynamic data structures.

4. Order: Structs have a defined order of fields, maps do not guarantee order.

3. Differences

Characteristic Struct Map
Type of Collection Collection of fields Collection of key-value pairs
Type Safety Type-safe Not strictly type-safe
Use Case Fixed data structures Dynamic data structures
Order Defined order of fields No guaranteed order

4. Example

// Example of a Struct
type Person struct {
    Name string
    Age  int

// Example of a Map
personMap := map[string]int{
    "Alice": 30,
    "Bob":   25,


Struct Output:
Person{Name: "Alice", Age: 30}
Map Output:
map[Alice:30 Bob:25]


1. The Person struct creates a fixed structure with a Name and an Age.

2. The personMap is a map that stores ages keyed by names. The structure is more dynamic and can easily add or remove entries.

5. When to use?

- Use structs when you have a fixed set of fields with different types that you want to group together, like defining a model or an object.

- Use maps when you need a more flexible data structure that allows you to add or remove entries easily, and when the keys are not known at compile time.