Java Jackson @JsonCreator

1. Overview

Jackson is a prominent Java library used for serializing Java objects to JSON and vice versa. When there's a need to dictate how an object should be constructed during deserialization, Jackson's @JsonCreator annotation comes into play.

@JsonCreator Annotation Overview

The @JsonCreator annotation is used to specify a method or constructor that should be employed by Jackson to create an instance of the class. This is especially useful when dealing with complex objects or when a class does not have a default constructor.

2. Development Steps

1. Begin by initiating a new Maven project.

2. Incorporate the required Jackson dependencies.

3. Define the User class with the @JsonCreator annotation.

4. Establish a separate class for the serialization and deserialization mechanism.

5. Construct a main class to showcase serialization and deserialization.

3. Create a Maven Project

There are different ways to create a simple Maven project:

Create a Simple Maven Project using the Command Line Interface

Create a Simple Maven Project using  Eclipse IDE

Create a Simple Maven Project using  IntelliJ IDEA

4. Maven Dependencies

Open the pom.xml file, and add the following Jackson data binding dependency:


5. Code Program

Let's take a closer look at the User Management System:
import com.fasterxml.jackson.annotation.JsonCreator;
import com.fasterxml.jackson.annotation.JsonProperty;
public class User {
    private final String id;
    private final String name;
    public User(@JsonProperty("id") String id, @JsonProperty("name") String name) { = id; = name;
    // Getters...
import com.fasterxml.jackson.core.JsonProcessingException;
import com.fasterxml.jackson.databind.ObjectMapper;
public class UserSerializer {
    public static String serialize(User user) throws JsonProcessingException {
        ObjectMapper mapper = new ObjectMapper();
        return mapper.writeValueAsString(user);
    public static User deserialize(String json) throws JsonProcessingException {
        ObjectMapper mapper = new ObjectMapper();
        return mapper.readValue(json, User.class);
public class MainClass {
    public static void main(String[] args) {
        User newUser = new User("001", "Alice");
        try {
            String json = UserSerializer.serialize(newUser);
            System.out.println("Serialized JSON: " + json);
            User deserialized = UserSerializer.deserialize(json);
            System.out.println("Deserialized User Name: " + deserialized.getName());
        } catch (JsonProcessingException e) {


Serialized JSON: {"id":"001","name":"Alice"}
Deserialized User Name: Alice

Code Explanation:

The User class has a constructor annotated with @JsonCreator, which indicates to Jackson that this constructor should be used for deserialization. 

The @JsonProperty annotations on the constructor parameters tell Jackson which JSON properties to bind to the constructor parameters. 

Our UserSerializer class offers methods for serialization and deserialization, harnessing Jackson's ObjectMapper

The MainClass demonstrates this by serializing and then deserializing a User object.

6. Conclusion

With the @JsonCreator annotation in Jackson, developers are endowed with enhanced control over object creation during deserialization. By specifying constructors or factory methods, one ensures the proper and desired object creation, thereby fostering robust and maintainable applications.