Java Jackson @JsonAnyGetter

1. Overview

In the realm of Java, Jackson stands out as a versatile library for converting Java objects to JSON and vice versa. One of its powerful annotations is @JsonAnyGetter, which allows dynamic properties in the serialized JSON without the need for defining explicit properties in the POJO.

@JsonAnyGetter Annotation Overview

The @JsonAnyGetter annotation is used in Jackson to serialize a Map into a flat representation, allowing it to be output as regular fields in the JSON. Instead of outputting the map as a single nested entity, each entry of the map becomes a field.

2. Development Steps

1. Set up a new Maven project.

2. Integrate the Jackson dependencies.

3. Design the Student class, incorporating the @JsonAnyGetter annotation.

4. Create a class to handle serialization.

5. Develop a main method to demonstrate serialization.

3. Create a Maven Project

There are different ways to create a simple Maven project:

Create a Simple Maven Project using the Command Line Interface

Create a Simple Maven Project using  Eclipse IDE

Create a Simple Maven Project using  IntelliJ IDEA

4. Maven Dependencies

Open the pom.xml file, and add the following Jackson data binding dependency:


5. Code Program

For our Student Management System:
import com.fasterxml.jackson.annotation.JsonAnyGetter;
public class Student {
    private String name;
    private int age;
    private Map<String, String> properties = new HashMap<>();
    public Student(String name, int age) { = name;
        this.age = age;
    // Other getters and setters ...
    public Map<String, String> getProperties() {
        return properties;
    public void addProperty(String key, String value) {
        properties.put(key, value);

import com.fasterxml.jackson.core.JsonProcessingException;
import com.fasterxml.jackson.databind.ObjectMapper;
public class StudentSerializer {
    public static String serialize(Student student) throws JsonProcessingException {
        ObjectMapper mapper = new ObjectMapper();
        return mapper.writeValueAsString(student);

public class MainClass {
    public static void main(String[] args) {
        Student student = new Student("Jane Doe", 22);
        student.addProperty("Department", "Computer Science");
        student.addProperty("Year", "Senior");
        try {
            String json = StudentSerializer.serialize(student);
            System.out.println("Serialized JSON: " + json);
        } catch (JsonProcessingException e) {


Serialized JSON: {"name":"Jane Doe","age":22,"Department":"Computer Science","Year":"Senior"}

Code Explanation:

The Student class is designed with a Map to hold dynamic properties. 

Using the @JsonAnyGetter annotation, we've allowed the map's entries to be serialized as regular JSON fields. 

The StudentSerializer aids in converting the student object to a JSON string. 

In the MainClass, we're setting properties to a student object and serializing it. 

The output JSON showcases how the map's entries become regular fields in the serialized JSON, thanks to @JsonAnyGetter.

6. Conclusion

Jackson's @JsonAnyGetter provides developers with a flexible way to add dynamic properties to the serialized JSON. It becomes especially handy when one is not sure about all possible properties that an object might have or when dealing with dynamic data structures. This makes the representation more concise and tailored to the specific needs of the application.