Java Locale getDefault()

In this guide, you will learn about the Locale getDefault() method in Java programming and how to use it with an example.

1. Locale getDefault() Method Overview


The getDefault() method of the Locale class in Java gets the current value of the default locale for the specified category, or the default category if no category is specified. The default locale is typically set by the JVM at startup based on the host environment and can be used by various locale-sensitive operations.


public static Locale getDefault() 
public static Locale getDefault(Locale.Category category)


- category: Optional parameter representing the category for which the default locale is fetched. The category can be one of Locale.Category.DISPLAY, Locale.Category.FORMAT.

Key Points:

- The default locale affects many aspects of the program's behavior, such as number or date formatting.

- It is possible to set the default locale for the JVM using the Locale.setDefault() method.

- The getDefault() method without any arguments gets the default locale for the default category.

- It's often useful to be aware of the system's default locale when developing internationalized applications.

2. Locale getDefault() Method Example

import java.util.Locale;

public class LocaleExample {
    public static void main(String[] args) {
        Locale defaultLocale = Locale.getDefault();
        System.out.println("Default Locale: " + defaultLocale);

        Locale displayLocale = Locale.getDefault(Locale.Category.DISPLAY);
        System.out.println("Display Locale: " + displayLocale);

        Locale formatLocale = Locale.getDefault(Locale.Category.FORMAT);
        System.out.println("Format Locale: " + formatLocale);


Default Locale: en_US
Display Locale: en_US
Format Locale: en_US


In this example, the getDefault() method is used to retrieve the default locale for different categories. In many cases, all categories might have the same default locale, but it is possible for them to be different based on system settings or JVM configurations.