Java KeyPairGenerator generateKeyPair()

In this guide, you will learn about the KeyPairGenerator generateKeyPair() method in Java programming and how to use it with an example.

1. KeyPairGenerator generateKeyPair() Method Overview


The generateKeyPair() method of the KeyPairGenerator class in Java is used to generate a new public/private key pair. This method returns a KeyPair object containing the pair of keys.


public KeyPair generateKeyPair()


The generateKeyPair() method does not take any parameters.

Key Points:

- Before calling the generateKeyPair() method, the KeyPairGenerator object must be initialized by calling the initialize() method.

- The KeyPair object returned contains the public key and private key.

- The generated keys can be retrieved using the getPublic() and getPrivate() methods of the KeyPair class.

2. KeyPairGenerator generateKeyPair() Method Example


public class GenerateKeyPairExample {

    public static void main(String[] args) {
        try {
            // Get the instance of KeyPairGenerator for RSA algorithm
            KeyPairGenerator keyPairGenerator = KeyPairGenerator.getInstance("RSA");

            // Initialize the KeyPairGenerator

            // Generate the KeyPair
            KeyPair keyPair = keyPairGenerator.generateKeyPair();

            // Print the generated keys
            System.out.println("Public Key: " + keyPair.getPublic());
            System.out.println("Private Key: " + keyPair.getPrivate());

        } catch (NoSuchAlgorithmException e) {


Public Key: Sun RSA public key, 2048 bits
  modulus: 2671967973...
  public exponent: 65537
Private Key:


In this example, we have demonstrated how to generate a public/private key pair using the KeyPairGenerator class. We first obtained an instance of KeyPairGenerator for the RSA algorithm and initialized it with a key size of 2048 bits. We then called the generateKeyPair() method to generate the key pair, and printed the generated public and private keys to the console.