Java Blob getBytes()

In this guide, you will learn about the Blob getBytes() method in Java programming and how to use it with an example.

1. Blob getBytes() Method Overview


The getBytes() method of the Blob interface retrieves all or part of the binary BLOB value that this Blob object represents, as an array of bytes. This method is used to extract byte data from a blob object, which can be useful when dealing with binary data stored in databases, such as images or files.


byte[] getBytes(long pos, int length) throws SQLException


- pos: the ordinal position of the first byte in the BLOB value to be extracted; the first byte is at position 1.

- length: is the number of consecutive bytes to be copied.

Key Points:

- The getBytes() method returns a byte array containing up to length consecutive bytes from the BLOB value, starting with the byte at position pos.

- The method throws a SQLException if there is an error accessing the BLOB value or if pos is less than 1, length is less than 0, or pos + length is greater than the overall BLOB length.

- It’s particularly useful when you need to retrieve binary data like images, audio, or any file from the database.

2. Blob getBytes() Method Example

import java.sql.Connection;
import java.sql.DriverManager;
import java.sql.ResultSet;
import java.sql.Statement;
import java.sql.Blob;
import java.sql.SQLException;
import java.util.Arrays;

public class GetBytesExample {

    public static void main(String[] args) {

        String url = "jdbc:your_database_url";
        String user = "your_database_user";
        String password = "your_database_password";

        String selectSql = "SELECT blob_column FROM your_table WHERE id = 1";

        try (Connection connection = DriverManager.getConnection(url, user, password);
             Statement statement = connection.createStatement();
             ResultSet resultSet = statement.executeQuery(selectSql)) {

            if ( {
                Blob blob = resultSet.getBlob("blob_column");
                byte[] bytes = blob.getBytes(1, (int) blob.length()); // Retrieve all bytes

        } catch (SQLException e) {


[The byte array representation of the BLOB data]


In this example, a connection to the database is established, and a SELECT query is executed to retrieve a Blob object from the database. 

The getBytes() method of the Blob interface is then used to fetch all bytes of the BLOB data. This byte array is then printed to the console using the Arrays.toString() method. If a SQLException occurs at any point in this process, it is caught and printed to the console.