Java Arrays sort()

In this guide, you will learn about the Arrays sort() method in Java programming and how to use it with an example.

1. Arrays sort() Method Overview


The Arrays.sort() method is used to sort the elements of an array into ascending order, using the natural ordering of the array's elements or a provided comparator.


1. void sort(int[] a)

2. void sort(int[] a, int fromIndex, int toIndex)

3. void sort(Object[] a)

4. void sort(T[] a, Comparator<? super T> c)


- a: The array to be sorted.

- fromIndex: The index of the first element (inclusive) to be sorted.

- toIndex: The index of the last element (exclusive) to be sorted.

- c: The comparator to determine the order.

Key Points:

- All elements in the array must be mutually comparable.

- The sorting is stable (does not reorder equal elements).

- For primitive data types, it uses a variation of the Quicksort algorithm. For object arrays, it uses a modified mergesort.

- Throws IllegalArgumentException if fromIndex > toIndex or fromIndex and toIndex are out of bounds.

2. Arrays sort() Method Example

import java.util.Arrays;
import java.util.Comparator;

public class SortExample {
    public static void main(String[] args) {
        int[] numbers = {5, 2, 8, 1, 3};
        System.out.println("Sorted numbers: " + Arrays.toString(numbers));

        String[] fruits = {"Mango", "Apple", "Banana"};
        System.out.println("Sorted fruits: " + Arrays.toString(fruits));

        // Using comparator for sorting in descending order
        Integer[] integers = {12, 4, 8, 23, 7};
        Arrays.sort(integers, Comparator.reverseOrder());
        System.out.println("Sorted integers in descending: " + Arrays.toString(integers));


Sorted numbers: [1, 2, 3, 5, 8]
Sorted fruits: [Apple, Banana, Mango]
Sorted integers in descending: [23, 12, 8, 7, 4]


The Arrays.sort() method is used to sort an array in ascending order. In the example, we first sorted an array of numbers, then an array of strings using their natural order. Lastly, we sorted an array of integers in descending order by using a comparator. This showcases the versatility and usefulness of the Arrays.sort() method in different use cases.