Spring Data JPA - findByName

In this blog post, we'll see into how findByName works in Spring Data JPA and how you can implement it in your applications.


Spring Data JPA aims to reduce the boilerplate code required for data access operations, allowing developers to focus more on the business logic of their applications. The framework handles most of the repetitive tasks and offers a more expressive and fluent API for querying and manipulating data.

By using Spring Data JPA, developers can: 

  • Reduce the amount of boilerplate code. 
  • Enhance readability and maintainability. 
  • Simplify database operations.

Understanding findByName 

When using Spring Data JPA, you can derive queries directly from method names. No need to write the underlying SQL or JPQL! The findByName method is a derived query that, unsurprisingly, fetches an entity based on its name attribute. Let's see this in action.

1. Setting Up a Simple Project 

1.1. Entity Creation 

First, we'll need an entity. Let's use Product as an example.

public class Product {

    @GeneratedValue(strategy = GenerationType.IDENTITY)
    private Long id;
    private String name;
    // getters, setters, constructors, etc.

1.2. Repository Creation 

Next, we'll need a JPA repository for the Product entity:

public interface ProductRepository extends JpaRepository<Product, Long> {
    Product findByName(String name);

Notice how we just declare the method findByName without any implementation? Spring Data JPA will provide the implementation for us!

2. Using findByName 

With the repository in place, you can now use the findByName method to retrieve products.

public class ProductService {

    private ProductRepository productRepository;

    public Product getProductByName(String name) {
        return productRepository.findByName(name);

If there's a product with the provided name in the database, the method will return it. Otherwise, it will return null.

3. How Does It Work? 

Spring Data JPA analyzes the method name and creates a query for it. For findByName, the underlying JPQL query would look something like:

SELECT p FROM Product p WHERE p.name = ?1

The ?1 in the query represents the method's first parameter, which, in this case, is the name of the product you're searching for.

4. What If There Are Multiple Products With the Same Name? 

Good question! 

The findByName method will return the first product it encounters with the given name. If you expect multiple products with the same name and want to retrieve all of them, you should use findAllByName:

public interface ProductRepository extends JpaRepository<Product, Long> {
    List<Product> findAllByName(String name);


Derived query methods, like findByName, make it remarkably simple to perform common database operations without having to write the actual query. This is just a glimpse of what Spring Data JPA offers. As you delve deeper, you'll find more advanced features and capabilities that can further simplify data access in your Spring applications. Happy coding!