Maven Command to Run Selenium Tests

In this quick guide, we will dive into how to utilize Maven to run your Selenium tests.

1. Setting up the Project 

Before you can run tests, ensure you have set up your pom.xml file correctly. For Selenium tests, you would typically have dependencies like these:


Replace LATEST_VERSION with the latest version of Selenium.

Maven Surefire Plugin 

The Maven Surefire Plugin is used during the test phase of the build lifecycle to execute the unit tests of an application. It can be extended to run Selenium tests. Ensure you have the plugin defined in your pom.xml:


Replace LATEST_VERSION with the latest version of the Maven Surefire Plugin. 

Running the Tests

To execute your Selenium tests with Maven, use the following command:

mvn test

This command will go through the Maven lifecycle up to the test phase and execute all tests, including your Selenium tests.

Running Specific Tests 

If you wish to run a specific Selenium test or a set of tests, you can use the -Dtest flag:

Replace YourTestClass with the name of your test class and yourTestMethod with the specific method name. If you want to run all tests in a specific class, just mention the class:

mvn test -Dtest=YourTestClass

Specifying Browsers and Other Properties 

You can pass properties to your Selenium tests via the command line. For instance, if your Selenium test reads a system property to decide which browser to use, you can specify it like this:

mvn test -Dbrowser=chrome

In your Selenium code, you'd fetch this property with System.getProperty("browser")


Maven not only helps manage your project's dependencies but also provides a structured way to execute tests. When combined with Selenium, Maven ensures your web applications function as expected across different environments and setups. With the right configurations in place, running Selenium tests through Maven becomes a straightforward and efficient process.