Solution for Failed to Configure a DataSource

The error message Failed to configure a DataSource: 'url' attribute is not specified and no embedded datasource could be configured is a common issue encountered in Spring Boot applications when trying to configure a database connection. This error essentially means that Spring Boot is unable to find a database connection URL, and since no embedded database (like H2 or HSQLDB) is set up, it throws an error. Here's a deeper look into the problem and its solutions:

1. Why This Error Occurs

Spring Boot's auto-configuration mechanism looks for a DataSource bean to configure database-related operations. If you have database-related dependencies in your project (like JPA or JDBC), Spring Boot expects a database connection to be available. The error arises in the following situations: 
  • You haven't provided a spring.datasource.url property in your or application.yml
  • You've added a database-related starter (like spring-boot-starter-data-jpa) without setting up an actual database or providing the connection details. 
  • You haven't set up an embedded database, or there's a misconfiguration in setting it up.

2. Solutions

Solution 1: Provide a Database Connection URL 

If you're connecting to an actual database (like MySQL database), make sure to provide the connection URL:

In application.yml:

    url: jdbc:mysql://localhost:3306/mydb
    username: root
    password: rootpassword
The above is an example of a MySQL database. Adjust the URL and credentials accordingly for other databases.

Solution 2: Setup an Embedded Database 

If you want to use an embedded database (e.g., H2), make sure you have the necessary dependencies in your pom.xml or build.gradle.

For H2 Database:
And if you're using H2, you can configure the database in


Solution 3: Remove Database Dependencies (if not needed) 

If your project does not need database operations, consider removing any database-related dependencies like spring-boot-starter-data-jpa or spring-boot-starter-jdbc.

Solution 4: Explicitly Exclude DataSource Auto-Configuration 

If you intentionally don't want to configure a DataSource, you can exclude it from Spring Boot's auto-configuration:

@SpringBootApplication(exclude = {DataSourceAutoConfiguration.class})
public class MyApplication {
    public static void main(String[] args) {, args);


The error Failed to configure a DataSource highlights a mismatch between Spring Boot's expectations and the application's configuration. Depending on your application's needs, you can either provide the correct database connection details, set up an embedded database, or instruct Spring Boot not to expect a database at all.