JavaScript Object.assign() Method Example

The Object.assign() method is used to copy the values of all enumerable own properties from one or more source objects to a target object. It will return the target object.

Example 1 - Cloning an object

const original = {
  name: 'Fiesta',
  car: {
    color: 'blue'
  }
}
const copied = Object.assign({}, original)

original.name = 'Focus'
original.car.color = 'yellow'

copied.name //Fiesta
copied.car.color //yellow

Example 2 - Warning for Deep Clone

function test() {
  'use strict';

  let obj1 = { a: 0 , b: { c: 0}};
  let obj2 = Object.assign({}, obj1);
  console.log(JSON.stringify(obj2)); // { a: 0, b: { c: 0}}
  
  obj1.a = 1;
  console.log(JSON.stringify(obj1)); // { a: 1, b: { c: 0}}
  console.log(JSON.stringify(obj2)); // { a: 0, b: { c: 0}}
  
  obj2.a = 2;
  console.log(JSON.stringify(obj1)); // { a: 1, b: { c: 0}}
  console.log(JSON.stringify(obj2)); // { a: 2, b: { c: 0}}
  
  obj2.b.c = 3;
  console.log(JSON.stringify(obj1)); // { a: 1, b: { c: 3}}
  console.log(JSON.stringify(obj2)); // { a: 2, b: { c: 3}}
  
  // Deep Clone
  obj1 = { a: 0 , b: { c: 0}};
  let obj3 = JSON.parse(JSON.stringify(obj1));
  obj1.a = 4;
  obj1.b.c = 4;
  console.log(JSON.stringify(obj3)); // { a: 0, b: { c: 0}}
}

test();

Example 3 - Merging objects

var o1 = { a: 1 };
var o2 = { b: 2 };
var o3 = { c: 3 };

var obj = Object.assign(o1, o2, o3);
console.log(obj); // { a: 1, b: 2, c: 3 }
console.log(o1);  // { a: 1, b: 2, c: 3 }, target object itself is changed.

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