JUnit Assert.fail() Method Example

fail() method belongs to JUnit 4 org.junit.Assert class. In JUnit 5 all JUnit 4 assertion methods are moved to org.junit.jupiter.api.Assertions class.

void org.junit.Assert.fail(String message)

Fails a test with the given message. 
  • message the identifying message for the AssertionError (null okay)

Assert.fail(String message) Method Example

Let's create a largest(final int[] list) method to find the largest number in an array. We will write JUnit test for largest(final int[] list) method.
import static org.junit.Assert.assertTrue;
import static org.junit.Assert.fail;

public class AssertFailExample {

 public int largest(final int[] list) {
      int index, max = Integer.MAX_VALUE;
      for (index = 0; index < list.length - 1; index++) {
         if (list[index] > max) {
             max = list[index];
      return max;
 public void testEmpty() {
     try {
         largest(new int[] {});
         fail("Should have thrown an exception");
     } catch (final RuntimeException e) {